Generally shape of the eyeball is responsible for the vision disorders. Lasik surgery corrects vision disorders.There are many solutions to correct this problem.-
- Astigmatism solution
- Hyperopia solution
- Presbyopia solution
The other vision disorders are
- Glaucoma & diabetes
- Ocular migraines
- Herpes and the eye
- Computer vision syndrome
- Dry eye syndrome
- Age related degeneration
Cataract with/without Intra ocular Lens
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye An intraocular lens (IOL) is an implanted lens in the eye, usually replacing the existing crystalline lens because it has been clouded over by a cataract, or as a form of refractive surgery to change the eye’s optical power. It usually consists of a small plastic lens with plastic side struts, called haptics, to hold the lens in place within the capsular bag inside the eye. The procedure can be as short as fifteen minutes and is usually done as an outpatient surgery with the aid of a local anesthetic administered in the form of eye drops.
Glaucoma is a disease of the major nerve of vision, called the optic nerve .Glaucoma is characterized by a particular pattern of progressive damage to the optic nerve that generally begins with a subtle loss of side vision (peripheral vision). If glaucoma is not diagnosed and treated, it can progress to loss of central vision and blindness. Although nerve damage and visual loss from glaucoma cannot usually be reversed, glaucoma is a disease that can generally be controlled. That is, treatment can make the intraocular pressure normal and, therefore, prevent or retard further nerve damage and visual loss. Treatment may involve the use of eye drops, pills (rarely), laser ,or surgery.
Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. Initial detachment may be localized, but without rapid treatment the entire retina may detach, leading to vision loss and blindness. Flashing lights and floaters may be the initial symptoms of a retinal detachment or of a retinal tear that precedes the detachment itself. Retinal holes or tears can be treated with laser therapy or cryotherapy (freezing) to prevent their progression to a full-scale detachment. Three types of eye surgery are done for actual retinal detachment: scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy.
Squint is a misalignment of the two eyes so that both the eyes are not looking in the same direction. This misalignment may be constant, being present throughout the day, or it may appear sometimes and the rest of the time the eyes may be straight. It is a common condition among children. It may also occur in adults. When an adult presents with squint it is not only imperative to establish the type and amount of squint but also to establish and treat the cause of squint. There are six muscles attached to the outside of each eyeball, which move the eye in various directions. During surgery one or more (commonly two) muscles are weakened or strengthened (by moving their attachment backward or forward) to make the eye straight. The procedure is done under local anesthesia in adult.
LASIK or Lasik (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a type of refractive surgery for correcting myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. LASIK is performed by ophthalmologists using a laser. LASIK is similar to other surgical corrective procedures such as photorefractive keratectomy, PRK, (also called ASA, Advanced Surface Ablation) though it provides benefits such as faster patient recovery.